Test Your Knowledge: Rash and Fever in the Pediatric Patient

Rash and fever are some of the most common chief complaints presenting in emergency medicine. The evaluation of skin rashes in the febrile pediatric patient includes a broad differential diagnosis and utilizing the signs and symptoms to identify red flags, such as hemodynamic instability, erythroderma, desquamation, petechiae/purpura, mucous membrane involvement, and severe pain, in the history and physical examination that require a high index of suspicion for worrisome disease.

Test your knowledge of characteristics of common rashes in a pediatric patients!

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The correct answer: B.

Review this Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice issue to get up-to-date on common and life-threatening skin rashes with fever in children, guidance for differentiating the types of infections based on signs and symptoms, indications for diagnostic studies, and recommendations for treatment of pediatric skin rash with fever in the emergency department.

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Last Updated on January 26, 2023

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