Yesterday the CDC released a report of provisional drug overdose deaths for the 12-month period of December 2020 – December 2021. Although the data is preliminary with many states having incomplete data reporting, a few alarming trends can be seen in the publication.
U.S. deaths due to drug overdose rose 15% in the past 12 months, reaching the highest level on record. Annual deaths have more than doubled since 2015.
Every state in the U.S. except Wyoming showed an increase, however increases were not equal among the states. Alaska showed a 75% increase in the past 12 months.
The chart below provides a breakdown of deaths by drug. Based on the preliminary data available, the CDC reported that fentanyl was involved in the highest number of deaths (brown line). Deaths involving methamphetamines were a distant second (gray line), and cocaine third (pink line), but each still increased. Meanwhile, deaths involving heroin decreased. (blue line)
What does it look like?
Numerous states report increases in counterfeit tablets now including fentanyl. The DEA reports:
Counterfeit pills are nearly identical to actual prescription medications. The majority of counterfeit pills resemble oxycodone 30mg pills (M30s), but can also mimic hydrocodone, alprazolam (Xanax), Adderall, and other medications. There are indications that drug trafficking organizations are specifically targeting kids and teens by creating counterfeit pills in a variety of shapes and bright colors to appeal to that age group. Counterfeit M30 pills can vary in color from white to blue. The best way to avoid counterfeit medication is to take only medications prescribed by a licensed medical professional and dispensed by a registered pharmacistU.S. Drug Enforcement Agency
What Can We Do?
In addition to counseling patients, teens, friends, neighbors, and family to avoid street drugs due to the potential for accidental overdose, liberal use of naloxone nasal sprays may save lives.
According to the CDC:
- Bystanders were present in almost 40% of overdose deaths involving opioids.
- 80% of overdose deaths occurred inside a home.
- Good Samaritan laws are in place in most states to protect those who are overdosing and anyone assisting them in an emergency from arrest, charges, or a combination of these. Learn about the laws in your state.
- Naloxone is available in all 50 states. In most states, a prescription is not required.
- Many community programs exist offering free naloxone.
If an education program does not exist in your community, the CDC offers numerous tools to help you start one. Additionally, reducing stigma around addiction and increasing access to medication-assisted treatment of opioid use disorder play critical roles in preventing unnecessary deaths due to drug overdose.