As recommendations for the diagnosis, treatment, and disposition of patients with community-acquired pneumonia continue to evolve, our recent issue Community-Acquired Pneumonia in the Emergency Department reviews the current evidence and guidelines for managing these patients.
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Here are a few key points:
- CAP is an acute infection of the lung parenchyma in patients who have not been hospitalized or had recent exposure to the healthcare system.
- Though the most commonly identified pathogen in CAP is Streptococcus pneumoniae, it is responsible for only 10% to 15% of hospitalized cases.
- High-risk CAP mimics include congestive heart failure exacerbation, acute coronary syndromes, pulmonary embolism, neoplastic lesions, and pulmonary abscess/empyema.
Last Updated on December 13, 2021