Hyperglycemic emergencies ? diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and the hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state (HHS) ? are common presentations in the ED that require swift, specialized management strategies. Uncovering the precipitating event is critical to management, as morbidity and mortality are related more to the trigger than the DKA/HHS itself.
For patients presenting with suspected diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and the hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state (HHS) understanding of the etiology and pathophysiology will ensure optimal emergency management. Morbidity and mortality is most often due to the underlying precipitating cause, which may include infection, infarction/ischemia, noncompliance with insulin therapy, pregnancy, and dietary indiscretion.
Review this clinical algorithm for a clear and step-by-step outline for managing patients in ketoacidosis and hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state
Need more information? Click here to review the course on Diabetic Hyperglycemic Emergencies: A Systematic Approach (Pharmacology CME).
Last Updated on June 12, 2022